International Journal of Sport Management

WILLIAM F. STIER, JR., Ed.D., Editor
Distinguished Professor, Emeritus
College at Brockport
State University of New York
Brockport, NY 14420

Published quarterly — January, April, July and October
ISSN 1546-234X

We are increasing the number of pages and articles per issue with Volume 16
to decrease the time from submission to publication for our research articles.

1-year subscription ($160.00 less 20% = $128.00 + shipping)
U.S.  = $128.00 + $32.00 shipping = $160.00
Canada = $128.00 + $88.00 shipping = $216.00 USD
All Other Countries = $128.00 + $108.00 shipping = $236.00 USD

PDF files for individual articles available with restrictions:
For individual research, $25.00 per article
For a subscriber library,  $35.00 per article
For an non-subscriber library, $50.00 per article

  1. PDF is only available for personal use for students and faculty with password protection.
  2. PDFs may not be put up on any class website.
  3. This is not a license to distribute electronically to other libraries within a college or university system or through an Interlibrary Loan System.
  4. E-mail to purchase PDF articles or for any other use than stated above.



The International Journal of Sport Management serves professionals in the fields of sport and recreation management as well as athletic administrations. Its international scope and the breadth of its articles represent the complete spectrum of all these. Scholars as well as practitioners have an opportunity to contribute to the body of knowledge relating to sport, recreation, competitive athletics, as well as fitness and wellness programs.

Information for the IJSM has been provided to the following indexers:

Australian Sports Federation
Cambridge Scientific Abstracts
Council for Europe Clearinghouse for Sport
ERIC Clearinghouse
Information Services—US Sports Council
Library of Congress (USA)
Physical Education Digest
Physical Education Index
Sport Discus
Sport Information Resource Center
Sport Search